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Timeline


A timeline and gazetteer of misericord development.

This is to help show the stylistic development of misericords throughout the ages, countries and regions.


Where only the century of creation is know, I will leave them near the centre of that century’s group.

Where misericords were created over a number of periods, I will either leave them grouped by the first date, if they are all within a 100 year period, or if the second group is post the beginning of the 19th century, otherwise I will spilt them into separate entries.  For obvious reasons I am ignoring any misericords in museums which have taken misericords from multiple periods.


This page is very much ‘Work in Progress”  Normally I would wait until completion before publishing, but I felt that this could be useful even at this stage - hope you agree.

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Date

Misericord Location

Comment

Example

1220 - 1230

1250 - 1260

Exeter Cathedral

The earliest complete set of misericords in the UK


Misericords: Wide mixture of subject matter and style.

Supporters: Varied, foliate, mythological and everyday.

13th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork

1250

Christchurch Priory

Christchurch has misericords from 3 distinct periods - 1250, 1350 and 1515, the example shown is from 1250, others are shown in their correct periods.

The misericords from 1250 do not have supporters

13th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork

1290

Chichester, St Mary’s Hospital

Supporters:  Varying lengths, some like Exeter, very short, whilst the other extreme is shown in the picture adjacent.

Date

Misericord Location

Comment

Example

1305

20th Cnetury

Winchester Cathedral

Small central carvings compared with the size of the supporters

Curved top for comfort.

An example of a medieval misericord from Winchester Cathedral

Early 14th century

1881

Bakewell, All saints

Although only three are 14th century, the other 19 have been created sympathetically.

Misericords: Mythological content.

Supporters: Mythological content,

An example a medieval misericord from All Saints', Bakewell

Early 14th century

Some from 1516

Cambridge, St John’s College

The majority of the misericords are floral corbels, with a few from 1516 celebrating Henry VII and Katherine of Aragon.

Early 14th century

Cologne Cathedral

Although the designs are relatively simple, the carving detail is very fine.

An example a medieval misericord from Koln Dom

Early 14th century

19th century

Hereford Cathedral

Misericords: Varied subject matter.

Supporters: Foliage bosses.

An example a medieval misericord from Hereford Cathedral

Early 14th century

Hereford Judges Seats

Similar in design to the misericords of Hereford Cathedral, but with slightly simpler motifs.

An example of a medieval misericord from the Hereford Judges seats

Early 14th century

Sutton Courtenay, All Saints

Misericords: Plain vault with small design.

Supporters: Although the supporters are now missing, it is obvious, from the scarring, that they once had small supporters.

An example a medieval misericord from All Saints', Sutton Courtenay

2nd quarter 14th century

19th century

Magdeburg Cathedral

Primarily the misericords show normal everyday life or a mix of angels, devils and clerics.

An example the medieval misericords from Magdeburg Cathedral

1330

Chichester Cathedral

Misericords: Curved tops for comfort.

Supporters: Varied, simple animal heads, and foliage.

example of the medieval misericords at Chichester Cathedral

1330 - 1340

Wells Cathedral

Misericords: Slightly curved tops for comfort.  Largely mythological content

Example of the medieval misericords at Wells Cathedral

1350

Christchurch Priory

Christchurch has misericords from 3 distinct periods - 1250, 1350 and 1515, the example shown is from 1350, others are shown in their correct periods.

The misericords from 1350 do not have supporters

An example of the medieval misericords dating from 1350 from Christchurch Priory

1350

Ottery St Mary

Although 60 miles from Christchurch, there is a striking similarity between the misericords at Ottery St May and those at Christchurch and dating from the same period.

An example of the medieval misericords from Ottery St Mary

14th century

Alton, St Lawrence

Misericords: Simple corbels rising from multi-moulded bases.

No Supporters.

An emample of the medieval misericords from St Lawrence, Alton

14th century

Framsden, St Mary

Primarily religious in nature, but with the mythical thrown in.

Heavily defaced


14th century

Tewkesbury, Abbey of the Blessed Virgin Mary

Misericords:  Many missing or damaged

Simple supporters


14th century

Weston-in-Gordano

St Peter and St Paul

Probably 14th century, but may be much older.

Simple designs with supporters, but not as we know them.


14th century

19th century

Cliffe-at-Hoo, St Helen

Misericords: Primarily plain corbels with grotesque heads

Supporters: Conventional leaves

An emample of the medieval misericords from St Helen's, Cliffe-at-Hoo

14th century

Peterborough Cathedral

Simply carved misericords, with simple supporters

Example of the medieval misericords from Peterborough Cathedral

14th century

19th century

Gloucester Cathedral

Misericords: Varied subject matter.

Supporters are more of an extension to the main misericord design.

example of of the medieval misericords at Gloucester Cathedral

14th century

Basel Minster

An incredibly varied selection of misericord styles and quality - possibly due to each group being sponsored by  different person.  As is expected there are no supporters

An example of the medieval misericords from Basel Minster

14th century

Liege St Jacques

Simply carved misericords with no supporters

Example of the medieval misericords from Liege St Jacques

14th century

Holdenby, All Saints

Misericords: various subject matter.

Extremely serpentine supporters.

An example of the medieval misericords from All Saints', Holdenby

14th century

Lübeck St Jacob

With one exception, the misericords depict heads.

No supporters

An example of the medieval misericords from Jokobikerche, Lubeck - click for more misericords from St Jacob's Lubeck

14th century

15th century

Ludlow, St Laurence

Although carved in 2 successive centuries, the misericords have enough similar properties to assume that the 15th century misericords were carved to match in with the 14th century examples.  The 14th century misericords can be noted by the carvers mark of a twig.

An example of the medieval misericords from St Laurence, Ludlow

14th century

Mere, St. Michael the archangel

The misericords on the south side of the choir date from the 14th century, whilst those on the north date from the 16th.

The example show a misericord from the 14th century

A 14th century example of the medieval misericords from St Michael the Archange, Mere

14th Century

Norton, St Andrew’s

Some of the finest 14th century misericords in East Anglia.

An example of the medieval misericords from St Andrew's Norton

14th century

Oxford, New College Chapel

The supporters are probably the only consistent thing about New College Chapel - the misericords vary from plain vaults to the ornate, they are, even, different sizes and shapes.

An example of the medieval misericords from New College chapel, Oxford

14th Century

Stowlangtoft, St George’s

Only a mile down a footpath from St Andrew’s Norton, and misericords that are equally good

An example of the medieval misericords from St George's, Stowlangtoft

14th century

Gayton, St Mary the Virgin

Gayton has two 14th century misericords and four 15th century misericords, although they all originate from Dunston Abbey, they are stylistically very different, hence I have created a second entry for Gayton

Supporters: Forked.

An exampleof the medieval misericords from St Mary the Virgin, Gayton

14th or 15th century

Sprotborough, St Mary

Heavily defaced with no supporters

Late 14th century

19th century

Worcester cathedral

Misericords: Heavy curved tops.

Example of the medieval misericords at Worcester Cathedral

Late 14th century

Caston, Holy Cross

Misericords: 2 plain vaults with curly headed men as corbels.

Supporters: Foliate

When compared with misericords of a similar timeframe, these make you think of the word “provincial”, however, “elegant simplicity” also sums it up.

An example of the medieval misericords from Holy Cross, Caston

Late 14th century

Leighton Buzzard, All Saints

Misericords: Corbel with design.

Forked supporters.

An example of the medieval misericords from All Saints', Leighton Buzzard

Late 14th century

Nantwich, St Mary

Misericords: a complete mixed bag - from mythological to cock fighting.

Supporters: Varied

An example of the medieval misericords from St Mary's, Nantwich

Late 14th century

Sudbury, St Gregory

Misericords: various designs.

Supporters: Foliate - left and right supporters match.

An example of the medieval misericords from St Gregory's, Sudbury

1370 - 1377

King’s Lynn, St Margaret

Misericords: Out of the 16 misericord, 7 show representations of people, one green man and the others are of various subjects.

Supporters:  either foliate or showing coats of arms. Forked.

An example of the medieval misericords from St Margaret's, King's Lynn

1380

19th century

Arundel Castle, FitzAlan Chapel

Primarily a mixture of heraldic and foliate misericords

Supporters: mainly foliate.

An example of the medieval misericords from the FitzAlan Chapel, Arundel

1390

Boston, St Botolphs

A mixture of styles and content.

Supporters: There seems no rhyme or reason why some have supporters and some do not.

An example of the medieval misericords from St Botolph's Boston

1390

(19th and 20th centuries)

Chester Cathedral

Flat topped finely carved misericords with a mixture of content

Supporters: Large branched.

An example of the medieval misericords from Chichester Cathedral

1394 - 1399

Barcelona Cathedral de la Santa Creu i Santa Eulalia

Finely carved with much detail these misericords are doubly unusual as they have supporters - a rarity amongst continental misericords - which show people and animals that add to the narrative of the main misericord.

An example of the medieval misericords from Barcelona Cathedral

Date

Misericord Location

Comment

Example

1400

Balsham, Holy Trinity

Simply carved with curved tops.

Supporters: Foliate, although most have been defaced

An example of the medieval misericords from Holy Trinity Balsham

1410

Minster-in-Thanet, St Mary the Virgin

Complex, beautifully carved misericords and supporters.

It’s worth noting that the supporters are in all but on case branched, however, the branches differs significantly between the north and south misericords.

An example of the medieval misericords from St Mary the virgin, Minster-in-Thanet

Early 15th century

Norwich, St Gregory

Shallow relief carvings

An example of the medieval misericords from St Gregory's Norwich

Early 15th century

Maidstone, All Saints

Primarily simple floral or heraldic, with the odd exception

Branched supporters with simple designs


Early 15th century

Orwell, St Andrew

Misericords: Basic “V” shaped corbel terminating in a, small, simple design.

Supporters: No Supporters.

An example of the medieval misericords from St Andrew's, Orwell

Early 15th century

Bishop Stortford,

St Michael

Mainly heads with foliate supporters

1440

Cartmel Priory

Misericords: Various subjects, including foliage and mythology - 1 may represent the myth of the founding of the priory.

Supporters: Varied design, some forked, some with left and right mirrors.

An example of the medieval misericords from Cartmel Priory

1442

Oxford, All Souls College chapel

Note the length and style of the supporters, compared with Cartmel Priory’s.  It is also worth comparing these misericords with the examples at Higham Ferrers, which were probably carved by the same artisan.

An example of the medieval misericords from All Souls' College chapel, Oxford

1445

19th century

Beverley St Mary

Some of the most beautiful mid-15th century misericord.  The subject matter of both the misericords and the supporters is extremely varied.


An example of the medieval misericords from St Mary's,Beverley

15th century

Alpheton, St Peter and St Paul

With only one misericord, and that has its carving missing, what can you say about its style?

Supporters: Foliate.

An example of the medieval misericords from St Peter and St Paul, Alpheton

15th century

Bebington, St Andrew

The three misericords in the chancel have supporters, whilst the 2 in the nave do not.

An example of a nave misericord from St Andrew's, Bebington

15th century

Bildeston, St Mary Magdalene

Unfortunately, most of these misericords have been badly mutilated, although the supporters have been preserved.

An example of the medieval misericords from St Mary Magdalene, Bildeston

15th century

Birmingham St Chad’s RC Cathedral

These misericords are of German or Belgian origin, so as one would expect have no supporters.

Similar shape to St Denis

15th century

Bishop Auckland, St Andrew

Primarily foliate misericords, with foliate supporters.

An example of the medieval misericords from St Andrew's, Bishop Auckland

15th century

Blackburn Cathedral

Origin Whalley Abbey

Supporters: Leaf or fruit designs. Forked

Example of the medieval misericords at Blackburn Cathedral

15th century

Whalley, St Mary

Whalley abbey must have had an extremely large number of misericords, as the 22 at St Mary’s purportedly also come from the Abbey.

An example of the medieval misericords from St Mary's, Whalley - click for more Whalley misericords

15th century

Bolton-Le-Moors, St Peter’s

Of 3 misericords, 2 show the badges of local nobility, whilst the other has an angel holding a plain shield - were they expecting another sponsor?

An example of the medieval misericords from St Peter's, Bolton Le Moors

15th century

Bovey Tracey SS Peter, Paul and Thomas

Simple carvings

An example of the medieval misericords from St Peter, St Paul & St Thomas of Canterbury, Bovey Tracey

15th century

20th century

Breda Grote Kerk

A great mix of myth, social history and humour - and this tradition has been carried on with the six mid 20th century additions.  No supporters

An example of the medieval misericords from Breda Groke Kerk

15th century

Brundish, St Lawrence

Misericord: Plain vaulting ending in a corbel, which has sadly been mutilated

Supporters Foliate (Lozenge shaped acanthus leaves)

St Lawrence, Brundish medieval misericords

15th century

Carlisle Cathedral

Misericord and supporters: Varied.

Example of of the medieval misericords at Carlisle Cathedral

15th century

Castle Hedington, St Nicholas

Interesting mix, some typically 15th century, some out of character.

An example misericord from St Nicholas, Castle Hedington

15th century

Cawston, St Agnes

Misericords: None of the 3 misericords show any family resemblance to any of the others.

Supporters: Foliate

Example of the medieval misericords from St Agnes, Cawston

15th century

East Lavant, St Mary

A set of Heads with foliate supporters.

An example of the medieval misericords from St Mary's, East Lavant

15th century

Edlesborough, St Mary the Virgin

The misericords, and especially the supporters are carved in a very low relief.

An example of the medieval misericords from St Mary the Virgin, Edlesborough

15th century

Enville, St Mary

Misericords: Various subjects.

Supporters: Relate to misericord narrative.

An example of the medieval misericords from St Mary's Enville

15th century

Faversham , St Mary of Charity

Misericords: Mythological.

Supporters: Forked, foliate.

An example of the medieval misericords from St Mary of Charity, Faversham

15th century

Gayton, St Mary the Virgin

Gayton has two 14th century misericords and four 15th century misericords, although they all originate from Dunston Abbey, they are stylistically very different, hence I have created a second entry for Gayton

Supporters: Forked

An example 15th century misericord from St Mary the Virgin, Gayton

15th century

Godmanchester, St Mary the Virgin

The misericords probably originated at either Ramsey Abbey or Huntingdon Priory

Misericords: Plain vaults with varied styles and content of corbels.

Supporters: Foliate

Example of the medieval misericords from St Mary, Godmanchester

15th century

Great Doddington, St Nicholas

Except for the carver, the misericords are floral

Supporters: Foliate / floral

Example of the medieval misericords from St Nicholas Great Doddington

15th century

Great Eversden, St Mary

The misericords with their supporters probably date from about 1470

Example of the medieval misericords from St Mary, Great Eversden

15th century

Great Malvern Priory St Mary and St Michael

An important part of this group, “the Labours of the Months”

An example of the medieval misericords from Great Malvern Priory

15th century

Higham Ferrers, St Mary the Virgin

Possibly carved by Richard Tyllock, the same carver who created the misericords at All Souls’ College chapel, Oxford under the instigation of  Henry Chichele, Archbishop of Canterbury.

An example of the medieval misericords from St Mary the Virgin, Higham Ferrers

15th century

Highworth, St Michael

Misericords: simple, clear designs.

Supporters: Roses

An example of the medieval misericords from St Michael's, Highworth

15th century

Ipswich, St Mary-Le-Tower

Misericords: Plain 4 sided vaults with castellated captials.

Supporters: Serpentine sweeping foliate supporters.

An example of the medieval misericords at St Mary-le-tower, Ipswich

15th century

19th century

Cambridge, Jesus College Chapel

One would expect somewhere with the importance of Jesus College to have complex misericords, however this is true only in a small part.  The 6 in the nave are original 15th century, whilst those in the chancel are plain corbels, designed by Pugin in the mid 19th century from fragments of 15th century misericords.  They have great variation in the supporters.

An example of the medieval misericords from Jesus College, Cambridge

15th century

Fairford, St Mary

Misericords: Mythology, folk lore, and grotesques.

Supporters: Foliate.

An example of the medieval misericords from St Mary's Fairford

15th century

Holme-in-Cliviger

St. John the Evangelist

The two misericords probably originated at Whalley Abbey

An example of a medieval misericord at Holme in Cliviger

15th century

Lancaster, The Priory Church of St Mary

Much damage has sadly occurred to the misericords and their supporters.

An Example of a medieval misericord at Lancaster Priory

15th century

Lavenham, St Peter & St Paul

Each misericord is a completely different style to its neighbour, some with supporters others without.

An example of the medieval misericords from St Peter and St Paul, Lavenham

15th century

Limerick Cathedral

With their slightly curved tops, and widely spread supporters, these misericords show the English influence of their “masters” - it is a true social history of the time.

An example of the medieval misericords from Limerick Cathedral

15th Century

Malpas, St Oswald

3 beautifully carved misericords with supporters

15th century

Middleton-by-Pickering, St Andrew

Only one misericord with non-mirrored supporters.


15th century

19th century

Old Malton, St Mary’s Priory Church

The 15th and 19th century misericords are stylistically similar, but with wildly varying subject matter

Supporters: None

An example of the medieval misericords from St Mary's, Old Malton

15th century

Richmond, St Mary the Virgin

Wide variety of misericords.

Interesting additional decoration on the supporters

These misericords originated at Easby Abbey

An example of the medieval misericords from St Mary the Virgin, Richmond

15th century

Ripple, St Mary

This church is remarkable for having a complete set of misericord carvings showing the monthly agricultural occupations of a village throughout the year.

An example of the medieval misericords from St Mary's Ripple

15th century

&

1, 20th century

Rothwell, Holy Trinity

A selection of Saracen’s heads, and other beautiful misericords.

The 20th century misericord is a memorial to a local lady.

15th century

Salle, St Peter and St Paul’s

Misericords:  A small design supports a plain corbel.

Supporters: Right and left supporters are mirrors of each other. Forked.

An example of the medieval misericords misericord at St Peter and St Paul, Salle

15th century

Scarisbrick Hall

Five interesting misericords, originating either from France or the Low Countries.

An example of the medieval misericords from Scarisbrick Hall - click for more Scarisbrick misericords

15th century

Sherborne Abbey

Probably the easiest description would be elaborate - even for 15th century misericords.

15th century

Soham, St Andrew’s

Misericords:  Simple vaults with head designs at the base.

Supporters: No supporters.

An example of the medieval misericords from St Andrew's, Soham

15th century

St Burian, St Buryan

All are plain shields.

15th Century

Stratford-Upon-Avon, Holy Trinity

Misericords: A mixture of abstract design and mythology.

Supporters: Foliate, some forked.

An example of the medieval misericords from Holy Trinity, Stratford Upon Avon

15th century

Tideswell, St John the Baptist

Out of 3 misericords, 2 have complex carvings, whilst the other is uncarved

An example of the medieval misericords from St John the Baptist, Tideswell

15th century

Wantage, St Peter and St Paul

Misericords: Heraldic and mythological.

Supporters: range from plain to complex.

An example of the medieval misericords from St Peter & St Paul, Wantage

15th century

Wingfield, St Andrew

Misericords:  Simple vaults with head designs at the base.

Supporters: Foliate.

An example of the medieval misericords from St Andrew's, Wingfield

15th century

Wellingborough, All Hallows

Misericords: Varied subject matter.

Supporters: Complex foliate.

15th century

19th century

York Minster

With so few examples, it’s difficult to say what the style is.

An example of the medieval misericords from York Minster

Late 15th century

Bodmin, St. Petroc with St. Leon

Complex designs, with no supporters

Late 15th century

Ledbury, St Michael of All Angels

Misericords: Simple floriated  corbels with no supporters.

An example of the medieval misericords from St Michael of All Angels, Ledbury

Late 15th Century

Ulm Minster

Multiple subjects

As one would expect from German misericords, no supporters.

An example of the medieval misericords from Ulm Minster

1470

Leuven, St Gertrude

52 fine misericords, mainly biblical in subject.

An example of the medieval misericords from St Gertrude's, Leuven

1472

York, All Saints

Only the one misericord, Pelican in her piety

Supporters: Initials and shield

1482

St Asaph’s Cathedral

Simple hollow mouldings

Supporters branched, either with single leaf or foliate square


1483

Rotherham Minster, All Saints

Both of the misericords at Rotherham Minster depict heads, although one may be a devil.

Supporters: Standard leaves.

Example of the medieval misericords from Rotherham Minster

1480

1515

19th century

Norwich Cathedral

Comfortable looking deeply curved top to some, but not all of the misericords.

Example of the medieval misericords from Norwich Cathedral

1489 - 1494

Ripon Minster

Shallow curve to the top of the misericords.  Very fine detail.  By the same school of carvers as Manchester Cathedral’s misericords

Supporters: Forked

Example of the medieval misericords from Ripon Cathedral

1499 - 1501

Moudon, St Etienne

Exceptional quality and an incredible mix of subject matter.

I’ve got to say, it’s amongst my personal favorites

Date

Misericord Location

Comment

Example

1500

Beaumaris, St Mary and St Nicholas

Twenty misericords with similar imagary - demi angels with human heads for supporters.

Supporters are unbranched

1500

Swine in Holderness, St Mary

Nine, elegantly simple misericords

An example of the medieval misericords from St Mary's, Swine in Holderness

1510

Manchester Cathedral

Manchester Cathedral’s misericords are considered to be amongst the finest in Europe.  It is worth noting that the fist representation of Backgammon is shown in misericord N-08.

Misericords and supporters show a wide variety of subject matter.

Example of the medieval misericords at Manchester Cathedral

1512

Haarlem, The Bavokerk (Grote Kerk)

Mainly facial or animalistic misericords, but with two green men.

As expected, no supporters

Example of an early 16th century misericord from the Groke Kerk, Haalem

Early 16th century

Ely Cathedral

Supporters: Varied - Foliate, and complex scenes with their own story, often the left and right supporters show a different theme.

Example of the medieval misericords at Ely Cathedral

Early 16th century

Cathédrale Notre-Dame d'Amiens

Biblical stories, mainly relating to Moses, Abraham, Jacob and Joseph, however, dress and building shows typical early 16th century styles.

No supporters.

Example of the medieval misericords from Amiens Cathedral

Early 16th century

Graffham, St Giles

Quite complex carving in the main misericords, with supporters that integrate themselves to the central carving.

Early 16th century

Gresford, All Saints

Misericords: Mainly mythological.

Supporters: Although some of the supporters are missing, those that remain are foliate.

Early 16th century

Mere, St. Michael the archangel

The misericords on the south side of the choir date from the 14th century, whilst those on the north date from the 16th.

The example show a misericord from the 16th century

A 16th century example of a medieval misericord at St Michael the Archange, Mere

Early 16th century

Westminster Abbey

Misericords: Mixture of folk lore, mythology and biblical.

Supporters: Some continue the main narrative, whilst others have no relationship.

Early 16th century

Abererch, St Cawrdaf

Very simple misericords for such lat examples

Supporters: Unusually the supporters are straight or concave rather than convex.

An example of the medieval misericords from St Cawrdaf, Abererch

1508 - 1517

Basilique Saint-Denis

Extraordinarily fine carving detail.  Painted, scalloped tops.  Although there are no supporters, the whole of the back is finely carved in floral patterns.

Example of the medieval misericords from Basilique Saint-Denis

1515

Christchurch Priory

Christchurch has misericords from 3 distinct periods - 1250, 1350 and 1515, the example shown is from 1515, others are shown in their correct periods.

The misericords from 1515 do have supporters

An example of the medieval misericords dating from 1515 from Christchurch Priory

1515 - 1526

Bristol Cathedral

Fine detail carving to the misericords and supporters.

Example of the medieval misericords at Bristol Cathedral

1520

Beverley Minster

As with the misericords from Manchester and Ripon Cathedrals, Beverley Minster’s misericords are the last in a wonderful line of misericords from the Ripon school of carvers.

An example of the medieval misericords from Beverly Minster

1532 - 1548

Hoogstraten,

St Catharina

A wonderful mix of biblical stories, classical myth and local proverbs

The photo to the right is one of my favourites, “two men on hobby horses having a joust”.

Mid 16th century

Paris, St Gervais and St Protais

A typical french eclectic mix of subject matter including a woman giving birth!

A rare survival for Paris.

1580

Amsterdam Oude Kerk

A fine mix of parable and myth.  No supporters

An example of the medieval misericords from Amsterdam Oude Kerk

16th century

Southam de la Bere, Church of the Ascension

European misericords without supporters, in the middle of Gloucestershire.


Date

Misericord Location

Comment

Example

17th century

Church Gresley, St George and St Mary

These misericords, in the Flemish style, were given to the church in 1931. They originated in Drakelow Hall.

Notice the similarity between these and St Anne’s, Bruges.

An example misericord from Church Gresley

17th century

Cockayne Hatley, St John the Baptist

These twenty three Flemish misericords were imported in the first quarter of the 19th century. As expected, they do not have supporters.

1660 - 1690

Durham Cathedral

For such late misericords, they have a remarkably 13th century feel to them.

Supporters: Except for the misericord in St Oswald’s Church, the misericords do not have supporters

1682

19th century

Canterbury Cathedral

Copies of earlier misericords from several locations.

An example misericord from Canterbury Cathedral

Date

Misericord Location

Comment

Example

18th century

Bruges, St Anne’s

Misericords: All heads

Typical of continental misericords, they do not have supporters.


An example misericord from St Anne's, Bruges

Date

Misericord Location

Comment

Example

19th century

Jesus College, Cambridge

Copies made in the 19th century by Pugin from fragments found in the Master’s residence.

Early 14th century

1881

Bakewell, All saints

Although only three are 14th century, the other 19 have been created sympathetically.

Misericords: Mythological content.

Supporters: Mythological content,

An example a medieval misericord from All Saints', Bakewell

1882

Newcastle-upon-Tyne

St Nicholas Cathedral

These may be too modern for the purist, but they’ve been carved so sympathetically, one should not dismiss them without study.

Weston in Gordano (St Peter and St Paul) St Asaph's Cathedral Southam de la Bere (Church of the Ascension)