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UK Non-Cathedrals

North

Greystoke

The Misericords and history of St Andrew’s, Greystoke.

St Andrew’s has twenty misericords ranging in date from the 14th to 17th centuries.

Click to launch a description of the misericords of St Andrew’s Greystoke

Click on the thumbnails for larger images.

History of St Andrew’s, Greystoke, Cumbria.

St Andrew’s was founded in 1255, no record exists of a previous church, and it is not mentioned in the Domesday Book.

During the mid 14th century, Lord William de Greystoke, the 14th Baron Greystoke built 6 chantries within the church and he was keen to turn the church into a collegiate church, to that end, in 1358 he petitioned the Bishop of Carlisle and Edward III, he received patents from both of them, and a rector was installed, however William de Greystoke died the following year, leaving his heir as a minor.

Some time into his majority, in 1374, Ralf, (sic) the 15th Baron Greystoke, continued his father’s quest and Edward renewed the licence.  In 1377 Richard II reiterated the patent, however the Bishop of Carlisle did not seem particularly interested in this project and it took a request to Pope Urban in 1382 to finally push it through.  The college was then formed with a master an 7 chaplains.  This explains the need for 8 misericords, but why the other 12 - especially those misericords from the 17th century?

During the 15th century, large parts of the church’s fabric were replaced, so much so that very little of the original church remains.  The short squat tower was robust enough that it was used in the same fashion as a Pele tower, as a defence against the invading Scots.  During this time six of the original misericords had, what can only be described as a make-over, with the addition of supporters.

 Henry VIII’s break from Rome caused its own headaches.  St Andrew’s had by this time its rector, master, chaplains and its pensioners, all of whom were enjoying a well paid life.  With the dissolution, Henry’s commissioners looked at the accounts, and decided that royal prerogative meant that the church and all its lands were probably the King’s, subject to ratification by the courts.  The rector did not agree - it seems he was trying, more.than anything, to protect the pensioners.  The King’s side said that they had no Great Seal and were therefore, not incorporated, the rector stated that this was because Pope Urban had been involved and was therefore under papal aegis.  The king’s men then stated that there was no royal patent - the rector showed them all 3!  End result, the King didn’t get his hands on St Andrew’s.

At some point in the 17th century, several more misericords were added.  As you’ve seen, the college was no longer active by this time, so the reason for their addition is unknown.

The locals were not to impressed with Cromwell’s men either, knowing that their stained glass was likely to be broken up, they carefully dismantled the windows and buried the glass.  The windows were not re-installed until 1848!  Unfortunately, the restorers were not totally accurate, so there are some peculiar juxtapositions.  Most notably the Great East Window contains the image of a red devil, beneath the feet of a bishop.

An interesting feature of the village is the “plague stone”.  Apparently, victims of the plague (or other such diseases) would place coins in the concave surface of the rock, which was filled with vinegar (commonly thought to be an antiseptic) a non-infected person would then exchange the coinage for food.  It’s a bit of luck that they didn’t use bank notes (OK, Aussies you win, but they didn’t have plastic either).  

 

St Andrew’s Greystoke does not appear, as of September 2010 to have an official website, however I found the Visit Cumbria site useful.

Click here for more local Misericords

Click here for more 14th century misericords

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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke n1.1.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke n1.4.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke n1.6.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke n1.10.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke n2.1.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke n2.4.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke n2.9.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke n2.12.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke n3.1.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke n3.2.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke n4.1.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke n4.5.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke n4.7.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke n4.9.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke n5.2.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke n5.4.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke n6.2.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke n6.4.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke n6.5.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke n6.6.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke n7.1.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke n8.2.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke n9.3.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke n10.2.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke n10.4.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke s1.2.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke s1.3.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke s1.7.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke s1.9.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke s2.2.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke s3.2.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke s3.6.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke s3.9.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke s3.12.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke s4.2.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke s4.4.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke s5.1.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke s6.3.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke s7.1.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke s8.3.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke s9.3.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke s10.4.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke stalls.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke stalls1.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke stalls2.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke stalls3.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke stalls4.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke stalls5.jpg
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St Andrew's Greystoke Cumbria 14th 15th 16th 17th century medieval misericords misericord misericorde misericordes Miserere Misereres choir stalls Woodcarving woodwork mercy seats pity seats Greystoke stalls6.jpg
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